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Academic Integrity - Referencing, Citation & Avoiding Plagiarism: Blog

This guide explains what referencing and citation is and how to use the APA, Chicago, Harvard, MLA and Vancouver Styles. It includes a short interactive tutorial on each style.


Reference: Author Last name, Initials. (Year, Month Day). Title of post [Blog post]. Retrieved from URL

Example: Whelan, K. (2013, November 29). The ECB’s secret letter to Ireland: still secret [Blog post]. Retrieved from


  • Author(s) Last name (year)
  • (Author(s) Last name, year)                                   


  • Whelan (2013) showed that....
  • In another post (Whelan, 2013) it was argued….

Note: titles for items in online communities (e.g. blogs, newsgroups, forums) are not italicized. If the author’s name is not available, provide the screen name in the text or reference list.