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Academic Integrity - Referencing, Citation & Avoiding Plagiarism: Images/Photographs (online) - not reproduced in your text

This guide explains what referencing and citation is and how to use the APA, Chicago, Harvard, MLA and Vancouver Styles. It includes a short interactive tutorial on each style.

Images/Photographs (online) - not reproduced in your text

The APA Style does not give specific directions on citing images. This is an interpretation of their rules for where you discuss an image in your text, but do not reproduce it.

Reference: Creator's Lastname, Initital (s). (Year). Title of image [Format of work]. Place of publication: Publisher. Retrieved from URL

Example: FitzGerald, D. (1916). A soldier on duty outside a ruined building [Online photograph]. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.7925/drs1.ucdlib_30688

In-Text-Citation:

  • Creator's Lastname (1916)...
  • (Creator's Lastname, 1916)

Example:

  • This photograph (FitzGerald, 1916) depicts a soldier guarding a building during the rising.
  • FitzGerald's photograph shows a soldier guarding a building during the Easter Rising (1916)

No known author

Reference: Title of work [Format of work]. (Year image was created). Place of publication: Publisher. Retrieved from URL (address of web site)

Example: Seal Island [Online photograph]. (2014). Retrieved from http://garnish-island/seals.ie

In-Text-Citation:

  • Title (Year)
  • (Title, Year)

Example:

  • The image show seals nursing their young in Co. Cork ("Seal Island", 2014).
  • The image titled "Seal Island" (2014)...

No known author, title or date

Refernce: [Subject and format of work]. Place of publication: Publisher. Retrieved from URL (address of web site)

Example: [Untitled online photograph of Ben Bulben in Co. Sligo]. Retrieved January 6, 2015 from http://www.strandhillscenes.com/

In-Text-Citation:

  • ("First few words of reference," n.d.)

Example:

  • This image of Ben Bulben ("Untitled online photgraph of Ben Bulben," n.d.), is largely made up of limestone...

Note: for simplicity, keep the in-text citation in brackets as shown above.

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