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Academic Integrity - Referencing, Citation & Avoiding Plagiarism: Repository item

This guide explains what referencing and citation is and how to use the APA, Chicago, Harvard, MLA and Vancouver Styles. It includes a short interactive tutorial on each style.

Repository item

The APA Style does not give specific instructions on quoting items from an Institutional Repository. This is an interpretation of their guidelines. If unsure, consult with your lecturer or supervisor.

Note: If the article has been published, provide a full reference for the published version as you normally would. Along with this, include the link to the Repository Item you have accesseed. Otherwise, follow the rules below.

Pre-prints (before scholarly peer-review)

Reference: Author(s) Last name.  (Date posted).  Title of article.  Title of Periodical.  Retrieved from URL

Example:

Watson, J. (2015). Validity of child eye-witness statements. Journal of Perception and Memory. Retried from http://www.journalofperceptionandmemory.com

In-Text-Citation:

  • Author(s) Last name (Year)
  • (Author(s) Last name, Year)

Example:

  • Watson (2015) argues that...
  • Elicitation of child eye-witness statements requires intensive training of professionals (Watson, 2015).

Post-prints (after scholarly peeer review but before publication)

Reference: Author(s) Last name. (Year).  Title of article.  Title of Journal.  Advance online publication.  doi or URL:

Example:

Fenton, A. (2015). Self-efficacy and social media participation. Social Psychology in Action. Advance online publication. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1638/psy0303

In-Text-Citation:

  • Author(s) Last name (Year)
  • (Author(s) Last name, Year)

Example:

  • Fenton (2015) argues that...
  • High measures of self-efficacy has been shown to correlate negatively with higher than average social media participation (Fenton, 2015).

Final published article

Include digital object identifier (doi) if one is assigned; if no doi assigned and you retrieved the content online, include URL of home page of journal, newsletter, or magazine

Reference: Author(s) Last name. (Year).  Title of article.  Title of Journal, xx, pp-pp.  doi: 

Example: Herbst-Damm, K.L., & Kulik, J.A. (2005).  Volunteer Support, marital status, and the survival times of terminally ill patients.  Health Psychology, 24, 225-229.  doi: 10.1037/0278-6133.24.2.225

In-Text-Citation:

  • Author(s) Last name (Year)
  • (Author(s) Last name, Year)

Example:

  • Herbst-Damm and Kulik (2005) have found that...
  • Volunteer support and marital status have been found to be key factors in the health out-comes for terminally ill patients  (Herbst-Damm & Kulik, 2015).
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