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Academic Integrity - Referencing, Citation & Avoiding Plagiarism: Theses

This guide explains what referencing and citation is and how to use the APA, Chicago, Harvard, MLA and Vancouver Styles. It includes a short interactive tutorial on each style.


Reference: Author Last name, Initials (Year). Title of dissertation. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation or masters thesis). Name of Institution, Location.

Example: Moore, N.A. (2001). The Celtic Tiger and the Welsh Dragon: Urban Redevelopment in Dublin Docklands and Cardiff Bay, 1987-2000 (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). University College Dublin, Dublin.


  • Author Last name (year)
  • (Author Last name, year)


  • Moore (2001) argues….
  • Another approach (Moore, 2001) argues….
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