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Academic Integrity - Referencing, Citation & Avoiding Plagiarism: EU publications

This guide explains what referencing and citation is and how to use the APA, Chicago, Harvard, MLA and Vancouver Styles. It includes a short interactive tutorial on each style.

EU publications

Reference: Organisation. Title by author/editor First Name Last Name (if given). Other identification information. Place of Publication. Year.

Example:

European Union. European Parliament. The Impact of German Unification on the European Community. Working Document No.1. Brussels, 1990.

In-Text Citation: Use a superscript number (like this: ¹) in the text at the place where you are indicating that you are citing from a source.

Example:

The European Parliament warned that German unification could lead to social tensions within Germany unless the transition was carefully managed.’

Footnote: #. Organisation, Title (Place of Publication: Publisher, Year), Page.

Example:

1. European Parliament, The Impact of German Unification on the European Community (Brussels: European Union, 1990), 20.

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