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Academic Integrity - Referencing, Citation & Avoiding Plagiarism: Theses

This guide explains what referencing and citation is and how to use the APA, Chicago, Harvard, MLA and Vancouver Styles. It includes a short interactive tutorial on each style.


Reference: Author Last name, First name. "Title of Thesis." Award/type of thesis, Name of academic institution, Year.


Donnelly, Robert. "The Cold Snows of a Dream: W.B. Yeats and the Politics of Idealism." PhD thesis, University College Dublin, 1973.

In-Text Citation: Use a superscript number (like this: ¹) in the text at the place where you are indicating that you are citing from a source.


Thomas Feeney suggests that the influence of Seán McEntee on post-independence Ireland has been deliberately underplayed by some of his detractors.¹

Footnote: #. Author First name Last name, "Title of Thesis" (Award/type of thesis, Name of academic institution, Year), Page.


1. Thomas Feeney, "Seán MacEntee and the Development of Public Policy in Independent Ireland" (PhD thesis, University College Dublin, 2005), 30.