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Academic Integrity - Referencing, Citation & Avoiding Plagiarism: ebook

This guide explains what referencing and citation is and how to use the APA, Chicago, Harvard, MLA and Vancouver Styles. It includes a short interactive tutorial on each style.

Note on ebooks

As a general rule an ebook should be cited as you would a print source but additional information such as the date accessed should be included. The format will differ depending on the file used. Ebooks include digital files such as Kindle and electronic versions of books available through the library databases. The bibliographic information should be used for the relevant entry (e.g. a chapter from a book). 

The 8th Edition of the MLA notes that writers must include what they refer to as "containers." For eBooks, theses would be the platforms on which the items are read, e.g. An eBook database, Google Books, Kindle etc.

If page numbers are not available, avoid markers such as Kindle file location as these may not be consistent on all devices. Instead, use stable numbered sections such as chapters. If the ebook does not have any form of sections then the work must be cited as a whole within the text.


REFAuthor’s Last name, First name. Title of eBook. Place of Publication Publisher, Year of Publication. Name of container/access platform, location/link.  

Example: Rawson, Michael. Eden on the Charles: the making of BostonMassachusetts, Harvard UP, 2010. ACLS Humanities E-book, hdl.handle/net/2027/heb.30498.0001.001. 


  • (Author Last name)
  • ()


  •  (Levitas).
  • Ben Levitas suggests that J.M. Synge viewed Irishness through a "European lens" (ch.8).


REF: Author Last name, First name. Title. Place of Publication Publisher, Year of Publication. Container/Format.

Example: Rowley, Hazel. Franklin and Eleanor: An Extraordinary Marriage. New York Farrar, 2010. Kindle file.


  • (Author Last name, ch.)
  • (ch.)


  • The Roosevelts enjoyed a luxurious lifestyle but they were not ostentatious (Rowley, ch.6).
  • Hazel Rowley notes that although the Roosevelts enjoyed a luxurious lifestyle, they were not ostentatious (ch.6).
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