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Academic Integrity - Referencing, Citation & Avoiding Plagiarism: Ancient Texts

This guide explains what referencing and citation is and how to use the APA, Chicago, Harvard, MLA and Vancouver Styles. It includes a short interactive tutorial on each style.

Ancient Texts

Reference: Author Last name, Initials. (Year). Title. Translated by (if relevant). Edition (if beyond 1st Edition). Place of publication: Publisher.

Example: Sophocles (1999). Antigone. Translated by Mark Griffith. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

In-Text-Citation:

  • Author Last name (Year)    
  • (Author Last name, Year)

Example:

  • In this tale Sophocles (1999)....
  • This tale describes a sister's fight to have her brother buried, and its tragic consequences (Sophocles, 1999).

Note: The format for this example is taken from the book "Cite them Right" by Richard Pears and Graham Shields. If your school uses a different format, go by the School format. Alternatively, check with your module co-ordinator if the above format will be accepted.