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Academic Integrity - Referencing, Citation & Avoiding Plagiarism: Graphs

This guide explains what referencing and citation is and how to use the APA, Chicago, Harvard, MLA and Vancouver Styles. It includes a short interactive tutorial on each style.


ReferenceAuthors’ Names. (Year) Title of book. Place of publication: Publishing company, Page or figure number of graph, graph.

Example: Goldsmith, W. (2016) Understanding ancient peoples of Mongolia. Oakleaf Press: Cork, p 47, graph.


Author last name (Year, page number)

(Author last name, Year, page number)


Goldsmith's graph (2016, p. 47) shows the distribution of population at the turn of the century...

The graph clearly shows the distribution of the population at the turn of the century (Goldsmith, 2016, p. 47).