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Academic Integrity - Referencing, Citation & Avoiding Plagiarism: Theses

This guide explains what referencing and citation is and how to use the APA, Chicago, Harvard, MLA and Vancouver Styles. It includes a short interactive tutorial on each style.


Reference: Author (Year of submission) Title of thesis. Degree statement. Degree-awarding body.         

Example: Allen, S. J. (2009) The social and moral fibre of Celtic Tiger Ireland. Unpublished PhD thesis. University College Dublin.


  • Author Last name (Year)
  • (Author Last name, Year)                         


  • Allen (2009) disagrees with this…..
  • As argued elsewhere (Allen, 2009)….

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