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Academic Integrity - Referencing, Citation & Avoiding Plagiarism: Theses

This guide explains what referencing and citation is and how to use the APA, Chicago, Harvard, MLA and Vancouver Styles. It includes a short interactive tutorial on each style.


Reference: Author Last name, First name. “Title.” Degree statement. Degree-awarding body, Year. Print. 

Example: Allen, Sean. "The Social and Moral Fibre of Celtic Tiger Ireland." PhD thesis. University College Dublin, 2009. Print. 


  • (Author Last name Page no)
  • (Page no)


  • As argued elsewhere (Allen 55)....
  • Allen (55) disagrees with this....
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