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Academic Integrity - Referencing, Citation & Avoiding Plagiarism: Plagiarism Defined: Email communication or interviews

This guide explains what referencing and citation is and how to use the APA, Chicago, Harvard, MLA and Vancouver Styles. It includes a short interactive tutorial on each style.

Email communication or interviews

Reference: #. Author Last name Initials. Subject line of email [email]. Message to: Surname, Initials. Year Month Day [cited 2015 March 13].

Example:

16. McMurrow, TS. Dangers of using correlation in study design [email]. Message to: Bennett, E. 2014 Nov 11 [cited 2015 February 18].


In-Text-Citation:

Use a superscript number (like this: ¹) in the text at the place where you are indicating that you are citing from a source.

 

Example:

Dr. McMurrow warned against using correlation are a mode of establishing causal relationships between folic acid levels and cognitive functioning.16

Note: Check with your supervisor or lecturer to find out if you are expected to include email correspondence in your writing. It is not required in all cases.

 

Still unsure what in-text citation and referencing mean? Check here


Still unsure why you need to reference all this information? Check here