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Academic Integrity - Referencing, Citation & Avoiding Plagiarism: Email communication or interviews

This guide explains what referencing and citation is and how to use the APA, Chicago, Harvard, MLA and Vancouver Styles. It includes a short interactive tutorial on each style.

Email communication or interviews

Reference: #. Author Last name Initials. Subject line of email [email]. Message to: Surname, Initials. Year Month Day [cited 2015 March 13].

Example:

16. McMurrow, TS. Dangers of using correlation in study design [email]. Message to: Bennett, E. 2014 Nov 11 [cited 2015 February 18].


In-Text-Citation:

Use a superscript number (like this: ¹) in the text at the place where you are indicating that you are citing from a source.
 

Example:

Dr. McMurrow warned against using correlation are a mode of establishing causal relationships between folic acid levels and cognitive functioning.16

 

Note: Check with your supervisor or lecturer to find out if you are expected to include email correspondence in your writing. It is not required in all cases.

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