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Academic Integrity - Referencing, Citation & Avoiding Plagiarism: Email communication

This guide explains what referencing and citation is and how to use the APA, Chicago, Harvard, MLA and Vancouver Styles. It includes a short interactive tutorial on each style.

Email communication

Footnote: #. First Name Last name, Description, Month Day, Year.


12. Mike Forrester, e-mail message to author, January 20, 2011.

In-Text Citation: Use a superscript number (like this: ¹) in the text at the place where you are indicating that you are citing from a source.


Mike Forrester in a private email told me that badger-fighting was common in Tipperary in his own childhood in the forties.²

Note: Unpublished interviews and personal communications are cited only as notes.


Still unsure what in-text citation and referencing mean? Check here

Still unsure why you need to reference all this information? Check here

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