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Academic Integrity - Referencing, Citation & Avoiding Plagiarism: Government agency publication

This guide explains what referencing and citation is and how to use the APA, Chicago, Harvard, MLA and Vancouver Styles. It includes a short interactive tutorial on each style.

Government agency publication

Reference: Organisation. Title by author/editor First Name Last Name (if given). Other identification information. Place of Publication. Year.


U.S. Department of the Interior. Minerals Management Service. An Oilspill Risk Analysis for the Central Gulf and Western Gulf of Mexico. By Robert P. La Belle. Open-file report 83-119, U.S. Geological Survey. Denver, 1983.

In-Text Citation: Use a superscript number (like this: ¹) in the text at the place where you are indicating that you are citing from a source.


The U.S. Department of the Interior estimates that the risk of oilspills in the Gulf of Mexico is 0.3 per cent for every trip of every oil tanker.³

Footnote: #. Organisation, Title, Author(s) First name Last name (Place of Publication: Publisher, year), page.


 3. U.S. Department of the Interior, An Oilspill Risk Analysis for the Central Gulf and Western Gulf of Mexico by Stephen Finnis, Phyllis Moody and Tobe Kolbe (Denver, Colo.: U.S. Geological Survey, 1983), 10.


Still unsure what in-text citation and referencing mean? Check here

Still unsure why you need to reference all this information? Check here

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