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Academic Integrity - Referencing, Citation & Avoiding Plagiarism: Plagiarism Defined: Group or individual assignments

This guide explains what referencing and citation is and how to use the APA, Chicago, Harvard, MLA and Vancouver Styles. It includes a short interactive tutorial on each style.

Group or individual assignments

Reference: Author Last name, First name. "Title of Project." Type of project, Name of academic institution, Year.


Costello, Morwenna "Study of Playground Games in a North Dublin School." Undergraduate sociology project, University College Dublin, Ireland, 1976.

In-Text Citation: Use a superscript number (like this: ¹) in the text at the place where you are indicating that you are citing from a source.


The term 'glimmer man' is still used in playground games in North Dublin, as documented by Morwenna Costello.³

Footnote: #. Author First name Last name, "Title of Thesis" (Award/type of thesis, Name of academic institution, Year), Page.


3. Morwenna Costello, "Study of Playground Games in a North Dublin School" (Undergraduate sociology project, University College Dublin, Ireland, 2005), 7.

Note: In the Chicago style, unpublished works are referenced in the same format as theses.


Still unsure what in-text citation and referencing mean? Check here

Still unsure why you need to reference all this information? Check here

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