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Academic Integrity - Referencing, Citation & Avoiding Plagiarism: Interviews (in person or virtual)

This guide explains what referencing and citation is and how to use the APA, Chicago, Harvard, MLA and Vancouver Styles. It includes a short interactive tutorial on each style.

Interviews (in person or virtual)

Reference: Last name, Initials of person interviewed. (Year of interview) ‘Title of the interview (if any)’. Interview by Interviewer’s First name Last name [virtual medium if appropriate], Day Month of interview.  

Example: O'Nally, S.. (2020) ‘Working from home experiences’. Interview by Sorcha Mulryan [Skype], 6 June.


  • Interviewee(s) Last name (Year)
  • (Interviewee(s) Last name, Year)


  • O’Nally (2020) talked about the importance of a quiet space……
  • Having a designated quiet space was very important to the interviewee (O'Nally, 2020).


Still unsure what in-text citation and referencing mean? Check here

Still unsure why you need to reference all this information? Check here

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