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Academic Integrity - Referencing, Citation & Avoiding Plagiarism: Images/Photographs (print) - not reproduced in your text

This guide explains what referencing and citation is and how to use the APA, Chicago, Harvard, MLA and Vancouver Styles. It includes a short interactive tutorial on each style.

Images/Photographs (print) - not reproduced in your text

The APA Style does not give specific directions on citing images. This is an interpretation of their rules for where you choose to discuss an image in your text, but do not reproduce it in the text.

Reference: Creator's Lastname, Initital (s). (Year). Title of image [Format of work]. In Author Lastname, Initial(s), Title of book (page image appeared on). Place of publication: Publisher.

Example: Arthur, P. (2014). Low stress animal processing plants [Photograph]. In Gilfoyle, M. R., Meat processing plant design (p. 106), Galway: Irish Meat Processors Association.


  • (Author Lastname, Year)


  • Cattle handling has been much improved with the design of low stress processing plants (Gilfoyle, 2014, p. 106).

Note: the in-text citation refers to the author of the book where the image appears, not the image creator.


Still unsure what in-text citation and referencing mean? Check here

Still unsure why you need to reference all this information? Check here

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