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Academic Integrity - Referencing, Citation & Avoiding Plagiarism: Group or individual assignments

This guide explains what referencing and citation is and how to use the APA, Chicago, Harvard, MLA and Vancouver Styles. It includes a short interactive tutorial on each style.

Group or individual assignments

APA does not give direct instructions on citing and referencing this type of work. This is an interpretation of how this type of work should be cited.

Reference: Author(s) Last name, Initials. (Year). Title of work. Unpublished manuscript. Institution department, name, location.

Example: Hughes, S., & Brown, M. (2015). Full body movement as an indicator of deception. Unpublished manuscript. School of Psychology, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.


  • Author(s) Last name (year)
  • (Author(s) Last name year)


  • Hughes and Brown (2015) investigate the use of...
  • Measurement of full body movement was assessed as an indicator of deception (Hughes & Brown, 2015).


Still unsure what in-text citation and referencing mean? Check here

Still unsure why you need to reference all this information? Check here

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