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Academic Integrity - Referencing, Citation & Avoiding Plagiarism: eBook

This guide explains what referencing and citation is and how to use the APA, Chicago, Harvard, MLA and Vancouver Styles. It includes a short interactive tutorial on each style.


Reference: Author(s) Last name, First name. Title: Subtitle. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year. Edition. Accessed Month Day, Year. url (if available).


Beaumont, Lesley A. Childhood in ancient Athens: iconography and social history. London: Routledge, 2012. Accessed May 27, 2013.

In-Text Citation: Use a superscript number (like this: ¹) in the text at the place where you are indicating that you are citing from a source.


Hartmann and Henderson have argued that the rate of infant mortality in fifth-century Athens has been considerably overestimated.³

Footnote: #. Author(s) First name Last name, Title: Subtitle (Place of Publication: Publisher, Year), Edition. url (if available).


3. Lesley A. Beaumont, Childhood in ancient Athens: iconography and social history (London: Routledge, 2012), accessed May 27, 2013.

Note: If a book is available in print and online you must cite the version of the book you consulted for your work. You should include an access date if recommended by your School, Discipline or Publisher. Also note that a place of publication may not be available for an e-book. If this is the case, write "n.p." ("no place") where you would have recorded the place of publication.


Note on URLs: To get a shorter URL, go to the eBook itself and see if a shortened URL is provided. This is sometimes called a citable link or something similar.


Still unsure what in-text citation and referencing mean? Check here

Still unsure why you need to reference all this information? Check here

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