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Academic Integrity - Referencing, Citation & Avoiding Plagiarism: Theses

This guide explains what referencing and citation is and how to use the APA, Chicago, Harvard, MLA and Vancouver Styles. It includes a short interactive tutorial on each style.


Reference: Author Last name, First name. "Title of Thesis." Award/type of thesis, Name of academic institution, Year.


Donnelly, Robert. "The Cold Snows of a Dream: W.B. Yeats and the Politics of Idealism." PhD thesis, University College Dublin, 1973.

In-Text Citation: Use a superscript number (like this: ¹) in the text at the place where you are indicating that you are citing from a source.


Thomas Feeney suggests that the influence of Seán McEntee on post-independence Ireland has been deliberately underplayed by some of his detractors.¹

Footnote: #. Author First name Last name, "Title of Thesis" (Award/type of thesis, Name of academic institution, Year), Page.


1. Thomas Feeney, "Seán MacEntee and the Development of Public Policy in Independent Ireland" (PhD thesis, University College Dublin, 2005), 30.


Still unsure what in-text citation and referencing mean? Check here

Still unsure why you need to reference all this information? Check here

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