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Academic Integrity - Referencing, Citation & Avoiding Plagiarism: Group assignment

This guide explains what referencing and citation is and how to use the APA, Chicago, Harvard, MLA and Vancouver Styles. It includes a short interactive tutorial on each style.

Group assignment

Note: Form refers here to either hand-written material (MS for manuscript) or typed material (TS for typescript). Give the name and location of the library, research institution, or personal collection housing the material. The recommendations outlined below are based on the MLA guidelines for unpublished work. 

Reference: First author Last name, First name, next author(s) First name Last name and Last author First name Last name. Title or description of the material. Date of composition, Form of the material, Location.

Example: O'Neill, Paul, Tara Haverty, Zoe Kavanagh and Brian King. Gothic Fiction in the Victorian Era. May 2010, TS. School of English, Drama and Film, University College Dublin.


  • (First author Last name et al. Page No)
  • (Page No)


  • The coverage of the 1888 Whitechapel murders in the “Penny Press” may have inspired Stoker’s gothic creation (O’Neill et al. 3).
  • As part of our group assignment we examined newspaper coverage of the infamous 1888 Whitechapel murders as a source for Stoker’s Dracula (3).


Still unsure what in-text citation and referencing mean? Check here

Still unsure why you need to reference all this information? Check here

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