Chicago Style Guide 17th Edition: Introduction
Chicago Style - what is it?
Academic writing requires the author to support their arguments with reference to other published work or experimental results/findings. A reference system will perform three essential tasks:
▪ Enable you to acknowledge other authors’ ideas (avoid plagiarism).
▪ Enable a reader to quickly locate the source of the material you refer to so they can consult it if they wish.
▪ Indicate to the reader the scope and depth of your research.
The Chicago referencing style is a widely used referencing system to help you achieve these objectives.
This guide is based on the Chicago Manual of Style, 17th edition (CMOS). If you do not find what you need in this guide, refer to the print version of CMOS, which is held in the Library. the print version of CMOS, which is held in the Library.
How do I use the style?
The Chicago style involves two tasks:
▪ How you reference sources through numbered footnote or endnote citation as opposed to in-text citation.
▪ How you compile a list of reference sources at the end of your text (reference list).
Chicago Style Author-Date StyleAlternative form of Chicago Style is Author-Date. This link has a number of examples for demonstration.
Chicago Style - what does it look like?
Here is an example of what an in-text citation looks like in the Chicago style. When a source is referenced more than once on the same page, as in our example here, a shortened form of footnote is used after the first reference, as seen below.
In 1936’s new context, John Dos Passos revived Vanzetti’s last words: “Never in our full life can we hope to do such work for tolerance, for justice, for man’s understanding of man as how we do by an accident.” ¹ In 1927 Vanzetti lamented not his death but the inefficacy of lived political commitment—his death could have meaning in a way that his life did not. Dos Passos, however, invoked the condemned man’s roseate embrace of martyrdom only to insist “we stand defeated America.”²
¹. John Dos Passos, The Big Money (Boston: Mariner, 2000), 372. The quotation originally appeared (with minor differences arising from the reporter’s transcription of Vanzetti’s accent—“joostice” and “onderstanding”—which Dos Passos regularized) in the New York World on May 13, 1927, after Vanzetti’s sentencing, but before his execution.
². Dos Passos, Big Money, 372.
Note: When citing the same source more than once in footnotes, it is acceptable to just include the Author(s) names, a shortened title of the work and the page number of where the cited information came from. This is only acceptable when a full bibliographic entry is included at the end of your work.
Here is an example of what a Reference List looks like in the Chicago Style:
Hayes, Brian Cosgrave, Ian McAllister, and Laura Dowds, "Depicting Ireland on Film, what are we really saying?" Social Cinema Journal, 54, no.4 (2001), 454-482.
Jervir, Charles Everett Osborne. "Symbolic Violence, Resistance and how we view ourselves in Irish Film." World Cinema, 37 no.4, (2010), 392-407.
MacDougall, Henry. "Who Needs Hollywood? The Role of Popular Genre Films in Irish National Cinema." The Canadian Journal of Irish Studies, 35, (2009) 39-46.
Moriarty, Dómhnaill. Funding Models for Irish Film Makers. Dublin: Collins Press, 2012.
Note: Check with your lecturer if they prefer you to include only works directly cited in your piece or if they would like any works you have read for your assignment.
Chicago Style - quotation
The Chicago Style dictates that when using another's exact words, known as direct quotation, the quotation should either be placed in quotation marks (for a short quotation) or set out in a separate paragraph of text, indented about half an inch from the margin. In both cases they should be followed by a superscript number (like this: ²), their source referenced in a footnote and a full reference included in the reference list. Footnotes can be placed at the bottom of the page.
Short quotations - less than 100 words
Short quotations are generally held to be less than a hundred words (six to eight lines in a typewritten manuscript), in the Chicago Style. An example of a short direct quotation would be
The findings suggest children have a "high level of enjoyment" ³, while exercising with the system as indicated by the positive responses to all three questions.
Long quotations - 100 words or more
Long quotations in the Chicago Style are held to be one hundred words or more (at least six to eight lines in a typewritten manuscript). These are laid out in a separate paragraph of text and indented about half an inch from the left margin. No inverted commas are included. An example of a long quotation would be
In their research on rehabilitation using Wobbleballs, Fitzgerald and her team conclude that:
The findings suggest children have a high level of enjoyment while exercising with the system as indicated by the positive responses to all three questions. The fourth question collected some feedback from children and while most provided positive comments a small number of children mentioned that the wobble board was “difficult to control” or “hard to use”. We must therefore investigate some easier methods to control the game as an option for some children. Future research is needed to investigate the benefits of the system as an exercise intervention for children and to examine how training using Wobbleball could be integrated into the existing physical education curriculum in schools.¹
Chicago Style - printable version
Visit the Purdue Owl website for further guidelines on the 17th edition of the Chicago Manual of Style. This is a reliable and scholarly source.
Note: This printable guide is based on the previous 16th edition of the Chicago Manual of Style for anyone who is still using this.
The Chicago Manual of Style, 17th Edition by Technologies may change, but the need for clear and accurate communication never goes out of style. That is why for more than one hundred years The Chicago Manual of Style has remained the definitive guide for anyone who works with words. In the seven years since the previous edition debuted, we have seen an extraordinary evolution in the way we create and share knowledge. This seventeenth edition of The Chicago Manual of Style has been prepared with an eye toward how we find, create, and cite information that readers are as likely to access from their pockets as from a bookshelf. It offers updated guidelines on electronic workflows and publication formats, tools for PDF annotation and citation management, web accessibility standards, and effective use of metadata, abstracts, and keywords. It recognizes the needs of those who are self-publishing or following open access or Creative Commons publishing models. The citation chapters reflect the ever-expanding universe of electronic sources--including social media posts and comments, private messages, and app content--and also offer updated guidelines on such issues as DOIs, time stamps, and e-book locators. Other improvements are independent of technological change. The chapter on grammar and usage includes an expanded glossary of problematic words and phrases and a new section on syntax as well as updated guidance on gender-neutral pronouns and bias-free language. Key sections on punctuation and basic citation style have been reorganized and clarified. To facilitate navigation, headings and paragraph titles have been revised and clarified throughout. And the bibliography has been updated and expanded to include the latest and best resources available. This edition continues to reflect expert insights gathered from Chicago's own staff and from an advisory board of publishing experts from across the profession. It also includes suggestions inspired by emails, calls, and even tweets from readers. No matter how much the means of communication change, The Chicago Manual of Style remains the ultimate resource for those who care about getting the details right.Call Number: 808.02 CHIISBN: 9780226287058Publication Date: 2017
- Chicago Style Author-Date StyleAlternative form of Chicago Style is Author-Date. This link has a number of examples for demonstration.
- York University Guide to the Chicago StyleAnother guide to the Chicago style, which shows you how to cite some source types not covered here.
- UCD Plagiarism PolicyFull UCD Plagiarism Policy from the Academic Secretariat.
- EndNote Guide (online guide)An online guide from UCD Library all about the reference management software, EndNote.
- Originality Checker InformationIncludes description and instructions. Refer to your lecturer for any questions on the Originality Checker.
Creative Commons license
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License