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Chicago Style Guide 17th Edition: Paintings, Photographs, Sculptures

This referencing style guide is based on the Chicago Manual of Style, 17th Edition. It has many different reference types. It gives detailed examples of how these references should be formatted in the "Notes and Bibliography" style.

Paintings, Photographs, Sculptures

Reference: Creator/Artist(s) Last name, First name. Title. Date of creation/completion. Medium, Dimensions (dimensions conversion). Location of work. URL/Database name.


Gloag, Isobel. The Woman with the Puppets. 1915. Oil on canvas, 64.5 x 82.5 cm (25.39 x 32.48 in). Huge Lane Gallery, Dublin, Ireland.

In-Text Citation: Use a superscript number (like this: ¹) in the text at the place where you are indicating that you are citing from a source.

In-Text Citation example: In “The Woman with the Puppets,” Gloag uses cool greys and blacks to portray a gently smiling woman, reclining on a draped sofa. ¹

Footnote: #. First name Creator/Artist(s) Last name, Title, Date of creation/completion, medium, dimensions (dimensions conversion), Location of work, URL/Database name.

Example: 1. Isobel Gloag, The Woman with the Puppets, 1915, oil on canvas, 64.5 x 82.5 cm (25.39 x 32.48 in), Huge Lane Gallery, Dublin, Ireland,

Note: In the 17th Edition of the CMOS it sets out that paintings, sculptures and photographs can normally be simply cited in the text, so long as full source details are given. A Footnote and or Bibliography entry is not a requirement. Discuss with your module coordinator to establish their expectations for how you should treat this type of source.