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Chicago Style Guide 17th Edition: Social media

This referencing style guide is based on the Chicago Manual of Style, 17th Edition. It has many different reference types. It gives detailed examples of how these references should be formatted in the "Notes and Bibliography" style.

Blog

Blogs, unpublished interviews and personal communications are cited only as notes, unless you cite the source a number of times within your text. Then include it in the bibliography also. If unsure, discuss with your lecturer or module co-ordinator.

Reference: Author(s) Last name, First name or Screen Name, "Title of Post," Name of Blog (blog), Month Day, Year, URL.

Example: 
Walsh, Brendan. “Lorenzo Bini Smaghi on the Impact of Basel III.” Irish Economy (blog). April 2, 2011. http://www.irisheconomy.ie/index.php/2011/04/02/lorenzo-bini-smaghi-on-the-impact-of-basel-iii/.

Footnote: #. Author(s) First name Last name or Screen Name, "Title of Post," Name of Blog, Month Day, Year, URL.

Example:

11. Brendan Walsh, "Lorenzo Bini Smaghi on the Impact of Basel III," Irish Economy, April 2, 2011, http://www.irisheconomy.ie/index.php/2011/04/02/lorenzo-bini-smaghi-on-the-impact-of-basel-iii/.

In-Text Citation: Use a superscript number (like this: ¹) in the text at the place where you are indicating that you are citing from a source.

Example:

Italian economist and former member of the Executive Board of the European Central Bank Lorenzo Bini Smaghi considers that Basel II has had little long-term effect on the Irish economy.²

Note: Inclusion of the word “blog” in brackets after the blog name is optional.

Still unsure what in-text citation and referencing mean? Check here

Still unsure why you need to reference all this information? Check here

Twitter

An in-text citation and footnote are sufficient for social media communications such as tweets. Only include in the bibliography/references if discussing the tweet(s) in detail in your writing.

Reference: Author Last Name, First Name (@Twitter handle), “Post text (max 160 characters).” Month day, year, timestamp URL.

Example:

Walsh, Fionnuala (@Fionnuala88). “@gmeaney asking important questions about what it means to be a commissioned researcher for the State on a project (M & B Homes Report), whose work is valued & published, but….” Twitter, March 12, 2021, 4:52pm. https://twitter.com/MaryMcAuliffe4/status/1370417537452802059.

In-Text Citation: Use a superscript number (like this: ¹) in the text at the place where you are indicating that you are citing from a source.

Example:

Walsh praises Meaney’s conference paper where Meaney questions the stark contrast in how state commissioned researchers for the Mother and Baby Homes report have been treated compared those who served as eyewitnesses to the report.¹

Footnote: Footnote: #. Author First Name Last Name (@Twitter handle), “Post text (160 characters max),” Twitter, Month day, year, time. URL.

Example:

1. Fionnuala Walsh (@Fionnuala88), “@gmeaney asking important questions about what it means to be a commissioned researcher for the State on a project (M & B Homes Report), whose work is valued & published, but…,” Twitter, March 12, 2021, 4:52pm, https://twitter.com/MaryMcAuliffe4/status/1370417537452802059.

Note: You only need to include the timestamp if you need to distinguish between multiple tweets by the same author on the same date.

Note: Include an ellipsis (…) after a tweet that has been shortened. This indicates it included more text.

Still unsure what in-text citation and referencing mean? Check here

Still unsure why you need to reference all this information? Check here

Facebook

An in-text citation and footnote are sufficient for social media communications such as Facebook posts/pages. Only include in the bibliography/reference entries if discussing the post(s) in detail in your writing.

Reference: 

Author Last name, First name or Facebook page name (Screen name). “Post text/Page Title.” Facebook, Month Day, Year, Time stamp (if required). URL.

Example:

Irish Arts Review. “Dublin: Living with Pride.” Facebook, June 11, 2021. https://www.facebook.com/395224270497111/posts/4351208668231965/?sfnsn=mo

In-Text Citation: Use a superscript number (like this: ¹) in the text at the place where you are indicating that you are citing from a source.

Example:

“Living with Pride,” is an LGBTI+ photographic collection created by activist Christopher Robson.¹

Footnote: #. Author First name Last name or Facebook page name (Screen name), “Post text/Page Title,” Facebook, Month Day, Year, Time stamp (if required), URL.

Example:

1. Irish Arts Review, “Dublin: Living with Pride,” Facebook, June 11, 2021, https://www.facebook.com/395224270497111/posts/4351208668231965/?sfnsn=mo

 

Note: You only need to include the timestamp if you need to distinguish between multiple posts by the same author on the same date.

Note: Include an ellipsis (…) after a post has been shortened. This indicates it included more text.

Still unsure what in-text citation and referencing mean? Check here

Still unsure why you need to reference all this information? Check here

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