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Chicago Style Guide 17th Edition: Websites

This referencing style guide is based on the Chicago Manual of Style, 17th Edition. It has many different reference types. It gives detailed examples of how these references should be formatted in the "Notes and Bibliography" style.

Website or page on a website

Reference: Author Last name, First name. “Title of Web Page." Website name or Publishing organization. Publication date or last modified date, year. Access date if no other date available. URL.
Hayden, Meadhbh. “My Tips for Swimming in the Irish Sea." February 23, 2021.

In-Text Citation: Use a superscript number (like this: ¹) in the text at the place where you are indicating that you are citing from a source.

In-Text Citation Example: In this piece Hayden talks about the benefits of sea swimming, including a sense of togetherness with others in the water.¹
Footnote: #. Author First name Last name, “Title of Web Page,” Website Name or Publishing Organisation, publication date or last modified date, access date if no other date available, URL.


1. Meadhbh Hayden, “My Tips for Swimming in the Irish Sea,”,    February 23, 2021, 

Note: If no author is available, publishing organization can be used instead. If neither are available, list the web page title first. Use the first word to choose where to place the reference in your alphabetical listing. Ignore articles such as “A”, “The” or “An” when choosing the location.

Note: Only provide an access date, if date published or last modified dates are unavailable.

Note: Publishing organization does not need to be included if it is the same body as the website name/title/author, as in the case above .

Still unsure what in-text citation and referencing mean? Check here

Still unsure why you need to reference all this information? Check here