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Chicago Style Guide 17th Edition: eBook

This referencing style guide is based on the Chicago Manual of Style, 17th Edition. It has many different reference types. It gives detailed examples of how these references should be formatted in the "Notes and Bibliography" style.


Reference: Author(s) Last name, First name. Title: Subtitle, edition . Place of Publication: Publisher, Year. url (if available)/database name/device/format.


Beaumont, Lesley A. Childhood in Ancient Athens: Iconography and Social History. London: Routledge, 2012.

In-Text Citation: Use a superscript number (like this: ¹) in the text at the place where you are indicating that you are citing from a source.


Hartmann and Henderson have argued that the rate of infant mortality in fifth-century Athens has been considerably overestimated.³

Footnote: #. Author(s) First name Last name, Title: Subtitle (Place of Publication: Publisher, Year), Edition. url (if available)/database name/device/format.


3. Lesley A. Beaumont, Childhood in Ancient Athens: Iconography and Social History  (London: Routledge, 2012),


Note: If a book is available in print and online you must cite the version of the book you consulted for your work. Access dates are only included if no publication date information is available. Also note that a place of publication may not be available for an e-book. If this is the case, write "n.p." ("no place") where you would have recorded the place of publication.

Note: If you access your book on an eReader or other type of platform, insert that instead of the url (e.g. Kindle, Google Play Books, iBooks etc.).

Note: Where page numbers are not available or where they change depending on the device used to view the eBook, the CMOS, 17th Edition advises including chapter numbers or section headings instead. If a scanned version of an original book is available online to read, this version is preferable for citation, than versions in HTML or other formats where page numbers are not available.


Still unsure what in-text citation and referencing mean? Check here

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