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APA Style Guide: Print journal article, twenty one or more authors

This guide explains how to use the APA Style. It includes a short tutorial.

Print journal article, twenty-one or more authors

When there are twenty one or more authors, list the first nineteen author names followed by an ellipsis (...) followed by the final author's name. 

Reference: Last name, Initials First and next nineteen authors ... Final author Last name, Initials. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal. Volume number (Issue number) page.

Example: Murphy, T., McGuigan, S., Shamely, H., Pennard, C., Coulstan, W., Osted, B., Hartley, J.R., Morse, S.R., Myles, G., Vaughan, V. W., Lee, L., Arthur, M., Han, K. W., Laing, X., Olsen, A. M., Matthews, S., Favier, V. B., Xian, H. W., Smith, L., . . . Witcherly, C. (2014). Learning from the animals: The ethics of using white rats in psychological experiments. Journal of Animal Observation, 24, 130-170.


  • First Author Last name et al. (Year)...
  • (First Author Last name et al., Year)...


  • Murphy et al. (2014) discuss the ethics of breeding white rats purely for experimentation purposes....
  • The article clearly articulates reasons why scientists should question both the ethics and validity of using white rats to generalise to human behaviour (Murphy et al., 2014).

Note: only include the issue number when it is available.

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