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APA Style Guide: No author or anonymous source

This guide explains how to use the APA Style. It includes a short tutorial.

No author or anonymous sources

Reference (author unknown): Title. (Date).  Publisher. URL

Example: A tail of a lost puppy. (2020). Oaktree Press. 

Example (Anonymous source): Anonymous. (2020). Animals: What they give us. Oaktree Press.

Note: reference the item with the title in the place of the author, then format the rest as that source type is usually formatted.


  • Book with unknown author: (Title of Book, Year)
  • Magazine or journal article: (“Title of Article,” Year)
  • Anonymous: (Anonymous, Year)


  • In this work we see the importance of the human-animal bond (A Tail of a Lost Puppy, 2020) ...
  • The benefit of pet ownership is discussed in this piece (“Not just for Christmas,” 2020).
  • This poem aptly portrays how humans and domestic animals co-exist (Anonymous, 2020).


Still unsure what in-text citation and referencing mean? Check here

Still unsure why you need to reference all this information? Check here


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